The IRS Tax Credit on New Cars May Make New Cars a Better Deal Than Used

The US Government really, really, really, REALLY wants  us to buy cars.

To help stimulate the industry – and our economy as a result – the IRS has reinstated the tax deduction for sales tax paid when purchasing a car.  I recall that when I bought my first car they’d just taken this deduction away from taxpayers, and if not so happy for having my first ever new car I’d have been a lot more peeved.

According to the IRS website, taxpayers who buy new passenger cars between Feb. 16, 2009 and Jan. 10, 2010 will be able to deduct their state and local sales and excise taxes on their 2009 returns. The deduction is limited to the state and local sales and excise taxes paid on up to $49,500 of the purchase price of a qualified new car, light truck, motor home or motorcycle. The deduction phases out for individuals with modified adjusted gross income between $125,000 and $135,000, and joint filers with MAGI between $250,000 and $260,000.

The special deduction is available regardless of whether a taxpayer itemizes deductions on their return. The IRS reminded taxpayers the deduction may not be taken on 2008 tax returns.

So, this won’t lessen your tax bill this year.  But  if you’re facing a large car repair it might be worth it to get a new vehicle.  I’ve been reading that used car prices are increasing because people are unwilling or unable to take the plunge with a new car.   Between cut-rate pricing, very favorable financing and the new tax break it may make more sense to buy new – something I said I’d never do again.

Of course if you don’t need a car then it’s not frugal to buy one, no matter how good the deal. Thankfully our cars are in good shape.  Let’s hope it stays that way…

The Only Thing Better Than a Really Great Bargain is Money Well Spent

Today Son and I went to Costco.   They are about seven minutes from our home, so I shop there pretty much every week.  Their milk prices alone make it worth the trip – I usually save about $1 a gallon over Publix.  Their meats are FANtastic, and I save a bundle on bread, eggs and many other staples.

They also have lots of neat stuff.  I try to steer clear, avoiding the impulse buy.  But today I couldn’t help noticing some really cute black iron bistro chairs, priced at $22.99 apiece:

chairs2

Gee, those look really familiar… I really liked them a lot.  Cute and comfy, with a wide seat to accommodate wide tushies.  That’s good, since they are  the EXACT SAME ONES I bought this weekend, and I only paid $5 apiece!

I LOVE a bargain!

Since I saved so much money on the chairs I decided to give myself some long overdue help.  I do all of my finances by hand, and it’s just ridiculous to do so.  Every year I procrastinate doing my taxes because it’s such a bear of a job.  I tried Microsoft Money and hated it.  I’ve wanted Quicken for a long time, but could never justify the expense.  I heard that Quicken was offering a free online version, and I checked it out.  Good, but I’m not comfortable with all of my financial info being kept on some server somewhere.

Well, Costco came out with a new coupon book today, and there was a $20 off coupon for Quicken.  That made it half price, so I bought it.

I am soooo happy I did.  In a little over an hour I’ve entered all of my credit card receipts for the year so far, properly categorized to make my taxes next year so much easier.  I still have a few accounts to enter,  but I’m feeling really, really good.

I’m not going to justify spending the rest of the money saved on those great bargain chairs, but that $20 was well worth it in time saved, accuracy and angst.

The only thing better than a really great bargain is money well spent.  Money well spent that’s also a bargain?  Nirvana!

The Accountant’s Daughter Says The IRS May See Your Business as a Hobby

When Husband began doing freelance design work we decided to give the business a more generalized name – X Consulting – so that if we decided to seek other business opportunities we could do it under the name of a single business.

Now that I’m going to be doing this new work I checked with my brother to see if it would be more advantageous tax-wise to have checks made payable to me or to X Consulting. He recommended I use X Consulting to further substantiate that it is, in fact, a business. He then shared with me this letter that my Dad’s office sends to clients about this very issue:

Like many of us, you’ve probably dreamed of turning a hobby or avocation into a regular business. You won’t have any unusual tax headaches if your new business is profitable. However, if the new enterprise consistently generates losses (deductions exceed income), the IRS may step in and say it’s a hobby-an activity not engaged in for profit-rather than a business. An activity is presumed to be engaged in for profit for a tax year if it shows a profit for any three or more out of five consecutive years ending in that tax year. Otherwise, it can be deemed a hobby.

What are the practical consequences? Under the so-called hobby loss rules, you’ll be able to claim those deductions that are available whether or not the enterprise is engaged in for profit (such as state and local property taxes). However, your deductions for business-type expenses (such as rent or advertising) will be limited to the excess of your gross income from the hobby over those expenses that are deductible whether or not the enterprise is engaged in for profit. Deductible hobby expenses are claimed on Schedule A of Form 1040 as miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to a 2%-of-AGI “floor.” By contrast, if the new enterprise isn’t affected by the hobby loss rules, all otherwise allowable expenses would be deductible on Schedule C, even if they exceeded income from the enterprise.

There are two ways to avoid the hobby loss rules. The first way is to show a profit in at least three out of five consecutive years (two out of seven years for breeding, training, showing, or racing horses). The second way is to run the venture in such a way as to show that you intend to turn it into a profit-maker, rather than operate it as a mere hobby. The IRS regs themselves say that the hobby loss rules won’t apply if the facts and circumstances show that you have a profit-making objective.

How can you prove that you have a profit-making objective? In general, you can do so by running the new venture in a businesslike manner. More specifically, IRS and the courts will look to the following factors: how you run the activity; your expertise in the area (and your advisers’ expertise); the time and effort you expend in the enterprise; whether there’s an expectation that the assets used in the activity will rise in value; your success in carrying on other similar or dissimilar activities; your history of income or loss in the activity; the amount of occasional profits (if any) that are earned; your financial status; and whether the activity involves elements of personal pleasure or recreation.

The classic “hobby loss” situation involves a successful businessperson or professional who starts something like a dog-breeding business, or a farm. But IRS’s long arm also can reach out to more prosaic situations, such as businesspeople who start what appears to be a bona-fide sideline business.

Please call our offices to get more details on whether a venture of yours may be affected by the hobby loss rules, and what you should do right now to avoid a tax challenge.

So, there you are. Something to think about courtesy of The Accountant’s Daughter.

~

As always, please remember that I am not an expert on finance, or an accountant. I’m just an accountant’s daughter. So, please, please, please contact your accountant for expert advice.

The IRS Increases Business, Moving and Medical Expense Mileage Rates

I may faint.

The IRS actually saw a need to provide some tax relief and it didn’t take an act of Congress to implement it.

Starting July 1st, the IRS is increasing the the allowable business deductible for business vehicles from 50.5 to 58.5 cents per mile.  The optional business standard mileage rate is used to compute the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business use in lieu of tracking actual costs. This rate is also used as a benchmark by the federal government and many businesses to reimburse their employees for mileage.

The IRS is also going to raise the rate for calculating computing deductible medical or moving expenses from 19 cents to 27 cents a mile, also starting July 1st. The rate for charity services, requiring an act of law to change it, remains at 14 cents per mile.  Hey, nobody’s perfect.

Mileage Rate Changes

Purpose

Rates 1/1 through 6/30/08

Rates 7/1 through 12/31/08

Business

50.5

58.5

Medical/Moving

19

27

Charitable

14

14

Taxpayers always have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle rather than using the standard mileage rates.

For more information read the IRS press realease.

As always, please remember that I am not an expert on finance, or an accountant. I’m just an accountant’s daughter. So, please, please, please contact your accountant for expert advice.

Why I Don’t Let My Mortgage Company Pay My Insurance and Taxes

I was an insurance agent for many years before I retired to stay home with my son. One of the biggest headaches our office had was dealing with mortgage companies and the havoc they wreaked on our insureds. Most people have their mortgage companies escrow for taxes and insurance, so they money for renewals comes from them. Some mortgage companies were very good payers, and we rejoiced. Many other mortgage companies were so bad at paying their bills we employed someone whose sole job was to make sure the payments got made, and to act as a liaison between our insureds and the mortgage company when it was not.

What is an escrow account?

If your property is destroyed by a fire, the lender will have lost his collateral. Also if your taxes are left unpaid, your state can foreclose on your property in order to obtain payment and the lender could lose his collateral. Because the lender very much does not want to lose its collateral they want to make sure your insurance premium and property taxes are always paid.

When people buy a home and take out a mortgage they usually pay their first year’s insurance premiums up front, either directly to the insurance company or at closing. If you escrow for taxes and/or insurance the mortgage company also collects 2-3 months worth of additional premiums (and/or property taxes) at closing to start your escrow account.

The money in the account will be used to pay your taxes and insurance premiums when they become due. The amount in this account is based on the estimated amount necessary to pay these obligations each year. They make the assumption (often erroneous, but they have no way of knowing in advance) that your insurance and taxes will be the same next year. If the premiums go up at renewal they pay the higher amount and send you a bill for the additional amount disbursed on your behalf, and your mortgage payments will go up to reflect the higher amount. You receive no interest on this money.

Is escrowing required?

If you have a Conventional Loan and you do not have PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance), you have the option to close your escrow account and make your own tax and insurance payments. If you have a VA or FHA loan, the maintenance of an escrow account was a condition for the funding of your government-insured loan. In this case, the escrow account cannot be waived or altered.

I have an escrow account.  What should I look out for?

The biggest mistake you can make when your mortgage company escrows for insurance and taxes is to think it’s not your problem to make sure it gets paid. It most definitely is. If you are not on top of things you can wind up paying more than you need to, or losing your coverage altogether, and then paying more than you need to.

Unfortunately it’s really not in your control, which is very frustrating. Here are some things you can do, though, to avoid cancellation due to non-payment:

1.Who is your current mortgage company? Has your loan been sold? Have you re-financed? It is your responsibility to let your insurance agent know if your mortgage company changes and request that your policies be updated. Don’t assume that they will contact your insurer to let them know. They don’t. And if the insurer doesn’t know, guess where your renewal bill will be sent? Yup. Can you spell d-e-l-a-y?

2. Make sure the correct mortgagee is added to all of your policies. Here in Florida many homeowners have three policies on their home; a regular homeowners policy (that covers fire, theft, etc.), a flood insurance policy (covers rising water), and a windstorm policy (covers hurricane, tornado and other windstorms). It’s very easy for agents to overlook one or more of your policies, so keep on top of it.

3. Call your mortgage company two weeks after you get your policy renewal notice. By that time they should also have received their copy along with the bill, and they will have had time to input it in their system. If the mortgage company has not yet received the bill get a fax number for the correct department so that you and/or your insurance company can fax them a copy of the notice.

4. Call your insurance company one week before the bill is due. If the insurance company has not yet received payment call your mortgage company to ensure payment has been mailed. If not, insist they “overnight” payment directly to your insurance agent (if your agent has the ability to accept renewal payments) or directly to the insurance company. Keep in mind that “overnight” often means 72 hours with many companies, which is why you should insist.

5. If payment is still not showing as received by your insurance company by the day before the due date, overnight them a check yourself (or if you have a local agent you can just bring a payment over). Yes, this sucks. Yes, it’s difficult to come up with the money. With some insurance companies you will have a grace period and not really have to do this. Here in Florida, however, many people are insured for regular Homeowners insurance through the state’s insurance program, Citizens Property Insurance Company. They have no grace period. No even a single day. Not even if it isn’t your fault. If your payment is late your policy lapses – meaning you lose coverage – and may have to have your policy re-written. A huge pain in the tushy you want to avoid. And your rate may be higher. Once your mortgage company pays one of you will get refunded (usually the money is refunded to the party whose check is received last). If the refund gets sent to the mortgage company you have to get them first to make sure it’s applied to your escrow account, and then that they mail you a check. A huge, huge pain in the tushy. BUT, better than losing coverage and suffering a loss, then having to sue the mortgage company.

Ugh.  How do I avoid an escrow account, or get rid of the one I have?

I have a conventional loan, and I put 20% down so I wasn’t required to have PMI. My experiences with the myriad ways in which mortgage companies screw up was a major factor in my decision NOT to have my mortgage company escrow for insurance and taxes. I wanted to be responsible for getting my payments made on time, and I wanted to be able to earn interest on my money as I saved it. It’s like getting a discount.

If you have a conventional loan and have had or can have PMI waived (you’ll need at least 20% equity), talk to your mortgage company about letting you close your escrow and self-pay. Talk to a supervisor. This may be harder now due to the current mortgage crisis, but nothing ventured, nothing gained.

If you’re shopping for home financing, are eligible for a conventional loan and can put down 20% or more, make one of the questions you ask, “Must I escrow for insurance and taxes?” Some companies charge a point (a percentage of the loan amount) or offer a higher rate. I’d steer clear of those.

Of course if you don’t escrow you need to be disciplined about putting money aside to make those tax and insurance payments. Perhaps a little saving by delusion will help…

The preceding information is not advice, it’s just my thoughts and opinions. I’m just a girl on the web, not currently licensed in insurance or anything else in any state. You should absolutely seek the counsel of an insurance agent and/or a mortgage professional licensed in your state before taking any action at all. Coverages and programs discussed may or may not be available in your state.

Great News on PMI from The Accountant’s Daughter

A friend of mine over at This Wasn’t In the Plan posted today about how she wants to pay down her mortgage so she can eliminate PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance) payments from her mortgage. A great idea that reminded me I’d heard a very quick blurb on the news about PMI and taxes that I hadn’t heard before, so I’m guessing many others haven’t either.

For those who don’t have it – or who have it and don’t understand it – PMI is extra insurance that lenders require from most home buyers who take out mortgage loans that are more than 80 percent of their new home’s value. It protects lenders against losing their shirts if a borrower defaults on a loan. The PMI company line is that they enable borrowers with less cash to have greater access to homeownership. With this type of insurance, it is possible for you to buy a home with as little as a 3 percent to 5 percent – even 0% down payment.

While this means that people can buy a home sooner without waiting years to accumulate a large down payment, these low/no-money-down loans are part of the reason for the sub-prime mortgage crisis, as many people bought homes they just could not afford (and adjustable mortgages that were no good for them).

But I digress.

These loans are riskier for the lenders because people are more likely to default on a loan in which they have very little money invested. PMI doesn’t protect you – it supposedly protects the bank if you default. In foreclosures the bank must sell the house and then get reimbursed for the difference, if any, between the sale price and the loan balance by the PMI insurer. The PMI insurer can then come after you for what they had to pay the bank – which doesn’t seem fair at all, does it?

(I don’t have any idea if these PMI insurers are/have been paying off the lenders during this mortgage crisis or not, but it would be interesting to find out… )

The bottom line is that buyers with less than a 20 percent down payment are normally required to pay PMI. In recent years savvy mortgage brokers and buyers have turned to piggyback loans in an attempt to avoid the PMI requirement. Blended mortgages allow borrowers without a 20 percent down payment to take out a home equity line or a traditional second mortgage simultaneous with their first mortgage to provide the necessary down payment, avoiding PMI. It’s even more of a moneysaver because the interest on second mortgages and home equity lines is almost always tax deductible.

That cost the PMI industry to lose a lot of business. So they’ve pushed to make PMI premiums tax deductible, and it seems they’ve been successful.

Yes, PMI is now tax-deductible. So, while it sucks that you have to pay it, at least your tax bill this year could be smaller.

Let the festivities ensue!

As always, please remember that I am not an expert on finance, or an accountant. I’m just an accountant’s daughter. So, please, please, please contact your accountant for expert advice.

The Taxman Cometh and the Husband Tries to Taketh Away

I paid my property taxes today. $1840.

Those big checks are so hard to write. Compared to what many have to pay, it’s pretty reasonable – and $100 less than last year. Yay us!

BUT. Since we so much want to be out of here , every mortgage payment, every tax payment, every insurance payment seems more like rent – money down the toilet. I understand that it’s not, and that we continue to reduce our principal with every payment we make, but with falling property values it just feels … not nearly as fun as paying mortgage, taxes and insurance on a new house.

Then, tonight, my husband came home after a bike ride and asked me how long I’d owned the house before we married. I bought it the year before. He then informed me, with a Cheshire Cat grin on his face, that he’d now put more money into it than I had (I’d stopped working shortly after our son was born). So now it was his house.

Not so fast, bub. I put 20% cash down. He hasn’t put more money into it yet, and won’t for quite awhile. Heh.

Besides, it’s in my name alone. Though my state is a community property state, it won’t matter if I bop him on the head.

%d bloggers like this: